Fogalmak és funkciók | Euroexam

Fogalmak és funkciók

Az alábbi lista az angol nyelvű Euro és EuroPro vizsgák valamennyi szintjén előforduló fogalmi és funkcionális elemeket (Functions and Notions) tartalmazza - a nyelvkönyvek fogalmi rendszeréhez való kapcsolódás és a pontosabb érthetőség kedvéért - angol nyelven.

A fogalmi és funkcionális elemek ismeretése (Angol, B1-B2-C1 szintek) dokumentumként is letölthető.

Fogalmak

Spatial relationships

location

distance

direction

directions

Time

days of the week, months, years

telling time

adverbs

divisions of time

sequence

co-occurring times

frequency, continuity, intermittence

duration

key words for expressing duration, time of occurrence, start time etc

imprecise time

past time

speed

commencement/end

Number, quantity, degree

cardinal numbers

ordinal numbers

no quantity, zero

prices, lengths, sizes, weight, volume etc

plurality, countable and uncountable nouns

quantities, large and small amounts

fractions, percentages

minus/plus

determiners

verbs

degree

portions

Quality

shape

dimension

size

texture

colour

material

descriptive adjectives

modifying elements

visibility, audibility, tangibility, taste, smell,

age, generation

condition

material

authenticity

Hypothesis

about the present; conditional sentence structure: “type 0”, “type 1”, “type 2”

about the past; conditional sentence structure: “type 3”

about the future; conditional sentence structure “type 1”, “type 2”

real conditions

unreal conditions

Cause and effect

reason

purpose

result, effect, outcome

causative “have” (/ got)

wishes and hopes

Existence / Non-existence

Funkcionális elemek

Greeting; responding to greeting

Salutations

Formal address

Introducing

Offering addresses, keeping in contact etc

Anger, dissatisfaction

Sympathy, regret

Anticipation, surprise, concerns, hopes, fears

Gratitude, satisfaction, pleasure

Likes, desires, preferences

positive desires

negative desires

preferences

enquiring about desires and preferences

Other feelings, conditions, moods

positive / negative, happy; sad; disappointed;

Suggestions,

Invitations

Permission

Asking for, giving, refusing, postponing

Agreement / disagreement

strong, weak, reluctant, with reservation

Apology